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Python in Gitpod

Gitpod comes with great support for Python built-in. Still, depending on your project, you might want to further optimize the experience.

Python Project Examples

Before we get started, here are some examples of already-gitpodified repositories!

Repository Description Try it
breatheco-de/python-flask-api-tutorial A step by step Todo List API tutorial with Flask + Python Open in Gitpod
gitpod-io/django-locallibrary-tutorial An example website written in Django by MDN Open in Gitpod
gitpod-io/Gitpod-PyQt A PyQt example for Gitpod Open in Gitpod
gitpod-io/wxPython-example A wxPython example for Gitpod Open in Gitpod

Python Versions

Run pyenv versions to see which Python versions are pre-installed in Gitpod.

The easiest way to install a new Python version is to use pyenv install <VERSION>. For example, suppose you wanted to install Python 3.6.4, you would run pyenv install 3.6.4.

You can switch between Python versions using pyenv local <VERSION>. For example, if you wanted to switch to Python version 2.7.17 you would run pyenv local 2.7.17. This will create a .python-version file that controls which Python version is the default in your project. (Note: When running it in a Dockerfile, replace local with global to change the system default.)

Start tasks

You can start building your project when, or even before you start your Gitpod workspace. Are you using a requirements.txt file to manage dependencies? If so, add this to your .gitpod.yml to automatically pre-install all dependencies when starting a workspace:

tasks:
  - init: pip3 install -r requirements.txt
    command: python3 main.py

VSCode Extensions

While the most popular Python VSCode extensions are built into Gitpod, here are a few “nice to have” extensions that you can use as well.

ARepl for Python

ARepl extension example ARepl for Python is helpful for constantly checking your code and debugging. To install this extension for your repository, add the following to your .gitpod.yml:

vscode:
  extensions:
    - almenon.arepl@1.0.20:Uu7lIOwyLgmNWpTwCl/iqQ==

Python Test Explorer

Python test explorer example Easily test your python extensions with the Python Test Explorer. To add this to your repository add the following to your .gitpod.yml

vscode:
  extensions:
    - littlefoxteam.vscode-python-test-adapter@0.3.16:tZ/6xOSSdKUaq6JCUVkD+A==

GUI Applications with wxPython

To install wxPython to your repository please add the following to your .gitpod.Dockerfile. If you don’t have one, simply run gp init and commit the two generated files.

# This will pull the official Gitpod `vnc` image
# which has much of what you need to start
FROM gitpod/workspace-full-vnc

USER gitpod

# Install wxPython dependencies
RUN sudo apt-get -q update && \
    sudo DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -yq freeglut3-dev python3.7-dev libpython3.7-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgstreamer-plugins-base1.0-dev libgtk-3-dev libnotify-dev libsdl2-dev libwebkit2gtk-4.0-dev libxtst-dev libgtk2.0-dev && \
    sudo rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

# Install wxPython
RUN pip3 install -U -f https://extras.wxpython.org/wxPython4/extras/linux/gtk3/ubuntu-18.04/ wxPython

Here is a corresponding .gitpod.yml example:

image:
  file: .gitpod.Dockerfile

# This will expose all necessary ports needed for your VNC image
ports:
  - port: 6080
    onOpen: open-preview
  - port: 5900
    onOpen: ignore
  - port: 35900
    onOpen: ignore

# This will make it so that on workspace start it will run a file called `app.py`
tasks:
  - command: python3 app.py

We also support other GUI frameworks such as `Kivy` and `PyQt`
Here are some other examples of Python GUI applications in Gitpod:
Name Framework Try it
Tic-Tac-Toe-GUI Kivy Open in Gitpod
Pong Kivy Open in Gitpod
Gitpod-PyQt PyQt Open in Gitpod

Debugging

Here is a quick clip on how to automatically configure debugging for Python!

Python debugging example

So, basically in this video we:

  1. First, open the Python file that we want to debug
  2. Then, go to the debug menu and select “Add Configuration…”
  3. Next, in the dropdown choose “Python”
  4. Next, choose “Python File” as the debug configuration
  5. Finally, start debugging your Python program!

You can also create the Python debug configuration file manually

To start debugging your Python application in Gitpod, please create a new directory called .theia/, and inside add a file called launch.json, finally, add the following to it:

{
    "version": "0.2.0",
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "Python: Current File",
            "type": "python",
            "request": "launch",
            "program": "${file}",
            "console": "internalConsole"
        }
    ]
}

Then, simply open the Python file you want to debug, open the Debug panel (in the left vertical toolbar, click the icon with the crossed-out-spider), and click the green “Run” button.


To see a basic repository with Python debugging enabled, please check out gitpod-io/Gitpod-Python-Debug:

Open in Gitpod


Pandas

Welcome data scientists! This part of the guide will show you how to configure Gitpod for Pandas development.

Try Pandas in Gitpod

To see a minimal project with Pandas installed and configured, please check out gitpod-io/Gitpod-Pandas:

Open in Gitpod

Further Reading